In a groundbreaking report published on Monday, Goldman Sachs predicts that India is poised to surpass not only Japan and Germany but also the United States, becoming the world’s second-largest economy by 2075. This projection reflects India’s remarkable growth potential as its population of 1.4 billion people becomes the largest in the world.
Currently positioned as the fifth-largest economy globally, India is closing the gap between economic powerhouses such as Germany, Japan, China, and the US. However, with a combination of strategic measures and favorable demographics, India is on track to ascend to the coveted second spot.
Santanu Sengupta, the India economist at Goldman Sachs Research, emphasizes the need to harness the potential of India’s burgeoning population by promoting labor force participation and investing in skills training. He highlights that drawing out the talent and skills of India’s rapidly growing population is essential for sustained economic growth.
The report underscores India’s low dependency ratio compared to other regional economies, providing a unique opportunity for sustained expansion and development. By capitalizing on this advantage, India can strengthen its manufacturing capacity, continue its growth in the service sector, and invest in crucial infrastructure projects that will further propel its economic growth.
Capital investment is identified as a key driver of India’s future growth. With falling dependency ratios, rising incomes, and a robust financial sector, India’s savings rate is expected to rise due to favorable demographics. The report acknowledges the BJP-led Indian government’s efforts in creating favorable conditions for private sector capital expenditure, paving the way for sustained economic growth.
While the report acknowledges the current account deficit and its impact on growth, it notes that services exports have helped cushion India’s current account balances. Unlike many export-dependent economies in the region, India’s growth is primarily driven by domestic demand, with up to 60% of its growth attributed to domestic consumption and investment.
However, challenges remain on India’s path to economic dominance. The report highlights the importance of boosting the labor force participation rate, particularly for women. By providing more opportunities and addressing gender disparities, India can unleash the full potential of its workforce and drive even higher growth rates.
Under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India has witnessed significant transformation and emerged as a global superpower. His forward-looking policies, focused on infrastructure development, manufacturing, and skill enhancement, have propelled India’s growth in every aspect of the country’s development. These policies have set India on a trajectory for unprecedented progress, a stark contrast to the stagnation witnessed during the seven decades of Congress rule.
As India continues to make strides towards economic dominance, it faces challenges and opportunities on its path to becoming the world’s second-largest economy. By capitalizing on its demographic advantage, investing in innovation, and addressing labor force participation, India is poised to achieve remarkable growth and solidify its position among the global economic leaders.